Green Dreams Splutter: Europe’s East-West Divide

  • Date: 23/09/19
  • Balkan Insight

Greens are feeling blue in Central and Southeast Europe.

Green parties in former communist countries hope to ride the coattails of their more successful counterparts in Western Europe — but they have their work cut out for them.

Infographic: BIRN

After watching their counterparts in Western Europe score record wins in European Parliament elections in May, nascent Green parties in the region aspire to make a bigger splash in local and international politics.

But while Greens in countries such as Germany, France and Britain have a 40-year head start in learning from mistakes and engaging with the public, environmentalists in former communist nations find the odds stacked against them.

Analysts say the EU’s younger member states have failed to catch Europe’s so-called Green wave because voters there care more about bread-and-butter concerns like jobs, healthcare and social security than global issues such as climate change.

Meanwhile, embryonic Green parties in Western Balkan countries keen to join the EU are struggling to drag the movement from the world of grassroots activism into mainstream politics.

“Greens are fragmented and often still associated with protests,” said Garret Patrick Kelly, head of SEE Change Net, a Sarajevo-based network of environmental groups in Southeast Europe.

Michal Berg, a member of the Czech Green Party who oversees Southeast Europe for the European Greens, an alliance of national Green parties, said the movement is working on a country-by-country analysis to help it expand into new territory.

“This is one of our top priorities in the coming period,” he said. “We’ve already started drafting a strategy how to develop green politics in the region.”

While Greens notched 74 seats across the EU in May — 20 more than in the previous election — only Czech Republic, Latvia and Lithuania contributed to the tally from Central or Eastern Europe, and with only six seats between them.

Along the EU’s southeastern flank, the Green vote hardly registers. And in EU hopefuls in the Western Balkans, where recognisable Green parties are few and far between, the situation is even worse.

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